Exploring Students’ Need for Developing Material of English for Civil Engineering

Arum Nisma Wulanjani


Having tailor-made materials for ESP class can really be a hand to achieve learning goals and also to help students to achieve targeted skills and knowledge in ESP class. This study investigated need analysis of Civil Engineering students in a university  in Indonesia in order to explore the needs in developing materials for Civil Engineering students. Need analysis is an important steps in terms of developing materials. In order to detect students’ views toward what they need to learn, their preferred learning style, and their attitudes, interest toward learning English, a revised questionnaire was utilized. There were 61 students involved in this investigation. There was fifteen questions-questionnaire given to the students. An interview was also conducted as triangulation of the data. The results revealed that the students considered that the four macro skills are the most important component ehich neede the most practice, whereas they found grammar as the component that they most resented and had the least expertise in. Moreover, they tended to have various activities when they learn English. They needed various activities to draw their attention and motivation in learning English. It is hoped that the findings from this study can assist teachers and surriculum and syllabus designer to consider the students’ real needs and try to design and develop materials which can fulfill the present gap. 


ESP, Material Development, Need Analysis.

Full Text:



Adhabiyyah, Mahanum & ‘Aliyatulmuna. (2014). Needs analysis and material development in English for specific purposes in relation to English for Islamic studies. E-proceedings of the Conference on Management and Muamalah. (Accessed on 02/09/17)

Dakhmouche, Farida Rosa. (2008). Meeting students’ needs: An analysis of ESP teaching at the department of computer science. A Disertation. Mentouri University of Constantine. (Accessed on 01/09/17)

Harsono. (2007). Developing learning materials for specific purposes. TEFLIN Journal,2(18). (Accessed on 20/12/16)

Hutchinson and Waters. (1987). English for specific purposes: A learning-centred approach. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Johns Ann. M, Paltridge, Brian, and Belcher, Diane. (2001). Introduction: New Directions for ESP Research Retrieved from https://www.press.umich.edu/pdf/9780472034604-intro.pdf. (Accessed on 15/08/17)

Kusumaningrum, W.R. (2015). Genre-based approach to promote learner’s critical thinking. Transformatika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya, 11(2), 96-107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.31002/transformatika.v11i2.216

Moiinvaziri, Marjan. (2001). Students; Voice: A Needs Analysis of University General English Course in Iran. Gema Online Journal of Language Studies. Vol 14 (1). (Accessed on 20/08/17).

Paltridge and Starfield. (2013). The Handbook of English for Specific Purposes. TIESPJ. Vol.5(2). (Accessed on 02/09/17).

Peck, S. (1991). Recognizing and Meeting the Needs of ESL Students. In M. Celce-Murcia (Ed.). Teaching English as A Second or Foreign Language, 2nd ed. Boston Heinle & Heinle.

Robinson, P. C. (1991). ESP Today: A Practitioner’s Guide. New York: Prentice Hall.

DOI: 10.31002/metathesis.v2i1.552

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 169 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Metathesis: journal of English language, literature, and teaching

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.

English Education Department, Universitas Tidar, Magelang, Indonesia 

ISSN: 2580-2712 (print) and 2580-2720 (online)

Jalan Kapten Suparman 39 Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia 56116

Phone (0293) 364113  Fax (0293) 362438

Website: http://jurnal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/metathesis